AI Healthcare Regulation Is a Key Focus of Biden’s New Executive Order

President Joe Biden signed an executive order on October 30th directing the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to develop guidelines and oversight for artificial intelligence systems used in healthcare. The sweeping policy is the first attempt to regulate AI in healthcare and aims to ensure the responsible development of AI that protects people’s rights and privacy.

Read the fact sheet here. 

The executive order promotes workplace equity and data security standards for AI. Healthcare organizations will need to comply with the new rules by reporting how they develop and use AI technology. Biden wants to make sure AI is applied fairly and does not reflect or amplify biases. The order also directs HHS to require organizations to have data security practices in place, including procedures to detect and mitigate bias.

“My Administration cannot — and will not — tolerate the use of AI to disadvantage those who are already too often denied equal opportunity and justice.  From hiring to housing to healthcare, we have seen what happens when AI use deepens discrimination and bias, rather than improving quality of life,” states Biden in the executive order.  

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Guidelines for AI Development and Use

HHS will be tasked with developing guidelines for how healthcare organizations should develop and use AI technology. 

The guidelines will address issues like,

  • Privacy

  • Data integrity

  • Algorithmic bias

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Healthcare organizations will have to follow HHS guidelines on topics such as evaluating AI models for accuracy and fairness before deploying them. The guidelines aim to increase transparency around AI and help organizations deploy AI responsibly.

Biden’s executive order is the first attempt by the federal government to regulate AI technology used in healthcare. The policy lays the groundwork for managing risks associated with AI like bias and lack of transparency. Biden’s order is an important first step, but healthcare AI still remains largely unregulated.

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